TL;DR: Breakfast Research Is A Mess # “Sorry, There’s Nothing Magical About Breakfast” – @NYTimes

As much as I love breakfast, I have to agree that breakfast research is in a sad state. Conflicts of interest and weak methods abound! In short: it’s probably OK to not eat breakfast, and I’d wager eating well is more important.

The bottom line is that the evidence for the importance of breakfast is something of a mess. If you’re hungry, eat it. But don’t feel bad if you’d rather skip it, and don’t listen to those who lecture you. Breakfast has no mystical powers.

Apple R&D Budget Reveals a Pivot Is Coming (via @AboveAvalon)

Fascinating and astute analysis of Apple’s R&D spending. TL;DR: Apple is spending A FREAKING TON of money on R&D, more than it has ever before.

Apple has likely spent upwards of a few billion dollars on [its automotive product] so far when including real estate and stock-based compensation. When considering that Apple will likely be spending upwards of $14 billion per year on R&D by 2017 or 2018, Project Titan could easily end up being a $10-$15 billion project before Apple even ships a product. This is uncharted territory not just for Apple, but for the entire auto industry.

TL;DR: Malcolm Gladwell got the “10,000-hour rule” wrong—there’s no limit to the benefits of practice.

TL;DR: There’s nothing magic about 10k hours and depending on the field that may be inaccurate. On the bright side, though…

One way to think about this is simply as a reflection of the fact that, to date, we have found no limitations to the improvements that can be made with particular types of practice. As training techniques are improved and new heights of achievement are discovered, people in every area of human endeavor are constantly finding ways to get better, to raise the bar on what was thought to be possible, and there is no sign that this will stop. The horizons of human potential are expanding with each new generation.